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Air & Climate

The Environmental Agency presents its annual National Inventory Report (NIR) on the emission of greenhouse gases to the European Union and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in accordance with Iceland’s commitments regarding climate change. 

Iceland’s accounting of air emission of greenhouse gases covers both greenhouse gas emission and carbon sequestration from the atmosphere in accordance with international commitments.

In 2017, the total emission of greenhouse gases was 4,755 kilo tonnes of CO2-equivalents, an increase of 2.5% from 2016 and a 32.1% increase from 1990. The emission peaked in 2008 at 5.241 kilo tonnes of CO2-equivalents.

The emission in 2017 (excluding LULUCF, international aviation and international maritime traffic) stems mostly from industrial processes, then from energy, thereafter from agriculture and least from waste disposal. From 1990 to 2017, the share of emission from industry has increased from 27% to 43%, whereas the emission share from energy has declined from 52% to 40% in the same period. A greater effort is needed to bring down greenhouse gas emission in Iceland to attain the goals of the Paris Accord.